We provide you with practical actions, advice and resources to prepare for and cope during a range of emergencies.
FIRE SAFETY AUDIT
Fire Safety Audit is an Audit under which we NFPA make a detailed survey of your factory as per IS guidelines to identify various fire hazards and adequacy of existing Fire Protecting Systems. Fire Audit report will be given appraising the existing Fire Fighting System and its maintenance. Recommendations of additional firefighting system if necessary will also be made in Fire Audit Survey Report.
Every environment has unique fire and security risks associated with it and hence we at NFPA follows the Fire Safety & Security audit norms to effectively manage the risk associated with each such environment. Learn about what we recommend in various living and work spaces
SAFETY AUDIT WE OFFER
1. Fire Safety Audit-
Fire Extinguisher Audit,
Hydrant and Sprinkler system Audit,
Smoke detection system Audit,
Suppression System Audit,
2. Electronic Security products Audit
CCTV Surveillance Audit,
PA system Audit,
ACS/ Time attendance system Audit
3. Electrical Safety Audit
4. Health & Safety Audit
5. Annual Maintenance Contract
Fire Safety Audit Norms for Fire Extinguishers
360 Degree Fire Safety & Security Solution.
Fire Safety Audit Norms provide a basic blueprint for assessing fire safety and security standards at any premises. These norms address the inherent fire & security hazards associated with daily activities performed and material kept in an occupancy and recommend measures to reduce potential fire hazards and security breach.
The key question to be answered by a Fire Safety Audit Norms are:
• What type of fire extinguisher is required?
• How many are required?
• Where does it have to be installed?
• What capacity is required?
What type of fire extinguisher is required?
The type of fire extinguisher or extinguishing agent required depends on the class of fire risk present at a location. For instance, We recommend the use of ABC Powder Extinguisher in areas with multiple fire type risks. A Clean Agents Extinguisher for areas with the server or sensitive electronic equipment. We recommend special purpose extinguisher for areas with risk of special Fires like Metal fire, Kitchen Fires etc.
Where electrical appliances can cause a fire, We NFPA recommends CO2 Type of Fire Extinguishers.
How many are required?
Several factors like layout, area covered and a number of combustibles present decide the quantity of extinguishing agent required. unique Fire Rating on extinguisher and Risk Multiplier method rates each extinguisher based on its firefighting power.
There is also the classification of premises into Ordinary Hazard, High Hazard or Special Hazard, based on IS:2190 standards. Depending on the fire rating of the premises and extinguishers, the required number of extinguishers is recommended.
As per the provisions of the IS-2190 – We need to provide 4nos Water CO2 of 9lts capacity for every 6000 sq. ft. in such a way that distance between two extinguishers should not be more than 25 meters.
As per the provisions of the IS-2190 – We also need to cover all the compartments and enclosed areas with fire extinguishers of Water-type 9ltrs capacity and ensure that at least two extinguishers are visible and accessible from any location in the office IS 2190 recommends – 2 CO2 type 4.5 Kg per 1000 sq. ft
Further to cover the Special Hazard, we also need to provide CO2 type of 4.5Kg capacity close to all special hazards like servers, computers, air conditioners, UPS etc. and ensure that at least two. This utterly scientific system ensures that the premises have adequate firefighting Armour 24X7.
Where does it have to be installed?
The norms for fire extinguisher installation take into consideration various factors like entry and exit points, their location and numbers, their visibility and accessibility from any point, the distance between them, the layout of the premises etc. Each Special Hazard must have a fire extinguisher next to it.
Generally, most premises are classified as Class A risk, such premises also have risk arising out of electrically started fires. Therefore we need to install fire extinguishers to cover both the risks.Most offices have sensitive equipment which can be damaged by powder, carbon dioxide, water or foam, for such premises we recommend Clean Agent Type Fire Extinguisher.
All entry and exit points must have ABC based fire extinguisher of 6 Kg. As sometimes people get trapped in fire and help is expected from outside, in such situations we need fire extinguishers of higher Capacity.
All passages must have fire extinguishers placed at a distance of 15 m in such a manner that they are visible from any point within.
Further, as a general rule, we must install fire extinguishers with higher capacity in the open areas (second line of defence) and with lower capacity inside the office.That said, there should be dedicated extinguishers for special hazard locations like stores, gensets, electric panels, machinery, servers, etc. Each enclosed area, compartments and cabin should also be provided with an extinguisher.
What capacity is required?
Each type of fire extinguisher is available in various capacities. However, installing the right capacity fire extinguisher is the key to having the right capacity fire extinguisher is the key to having adequate fire fighting power at every location, without compromising the regular work of the user.
For instance, we suggest a 2 Kg fire extinguisher for workstations, receptions and machines. In these areas, a smaller and easy to handle fire extinguisher will provide a better result than heavier extinguishers.At various high-risk area where fire can grow and enter the critical stage faster owing to either quantity or nature of the fuel (solvents, diesel, paints, etc.,) we recommend higher capacity fire extinguisher like 4 Kg, 6 Kg, 9 Kg, 25 Kg, 50 Kg and 75 Kg etc.
ANNUAL MAINTENANCE CONTRACT
We at NFPA, make sure that all your lifesaving products are working optimally. We do this through regular checks and updates on all your devices. A quarterly report is sent to you so that you know the status of your products. All in all, NFPA sees that all your equipment is ready to perform when you need it the most. After the service, we shall submit you a report in which we shall give you the details of spares missing if any, refilling due if any, any major or minor observations.
For instance when we talk about Fire Extinguishers AMC,
We know Corrosion on the extinguisher’s body can lead to leakage. Hence, the extinguisher is checked for dust deposits and dents.
Then, the safety seal is checked to ensure that it is intact and has not been tampered with. Instructions sticker is checked too at this stage.
The discharge nozzle is checked to ensure that it is unclogged. After cleaning and removing the dust from the nozzles and hose then valve assembled tightened to ensure no leakage.
Lowered pressure can result in a redundant fire extinguisher. The Service engineers use a special magnetic device to check that the pressure gauge is in perfect working condition.
According to the law, and to ensure safety, a CO2 extinguisher must be weighed once every three months to check for leakage. NFPA engineers weigh the extinguisher at your premises on a highly sensitive and very accurate electronic scale that detects the slightest of fluctuations in the extinguisher’s weight.
The extinguisher is then scanned for signs of wear and tear or breakage of components like the Safety seal, the base etc. The materials such as base bottom, rubber parts, hose etc. which are found to have deteriorated over time due to ageing or due to over exposure to temperatures and moisture are replaced.
Fire Extinguisher Refilling
A Fire extinguisher is a passive product that needs to stay in a ready state at every point of time. Because a fire, though unlikely, can happen at any time.
When your fire extinguisher has been used, even partially, you need to go for a refill.
1. The Fire Extinguisher is manually discharged and emptied.
2. The extinguisher is then dismantled completely; the cylinder is de-stressed. 3. The cylinder then is made to undergo a Hydro Static Pressure Test at 30kgf cm sq
for 2 minutes to check for leaks and the burst capacity.
4. New extinguishing agent (powder, gas, water or foam) is filled in the cylinder through a vacuum based process that fills the cylinder with the exact quantity of extinguishing agent.
5. A fire extinguisher is charged (pressurised) with pure nitrogen.